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Sociology and Science: The Making of a Social Scientific Method Anson Au1 # The Author(s) 2017. ͐,.�. 59 0 obj h��W�o�8�W��=��aK���@�,[��+j�6\�7�RN8�]��)Y��5k���`آEZ��- #Z�4� IB�&"�D�$����HP���0� endstream x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����id�����]�"� �' ] ͐,.�. endstream Paper Masters has expert writers that understand how to conduct the methodology section of a research paper and can custom write this for you. <>>>/BBox[0 0 408 600]/Length 44>>stream 50 0 obj As a social science, sociology involves the application of scientific methods to the study of the human aspects of the world. x�s 24 0 obj x�+� � | It has several specialized areas of enquiry. endstream ��w3T�PI�2T0 BC##3��\. endobj The key difference between the scientific method and other ways of acquiring knowledge are forming a hypothesis and then testing it with an experiment. <>stream ��w3T�PI�2T0 BC##3��\. �9"\&0Ƅ')�%2�Q�h���+��$�a�K���{G��7������7x��[:���崞��9�w�Ѱ�� "��_^�Q�lAm?�1Nҿ�����Ii��z�A]�M�*�_� h�b```f``2b`b`����ˀ �@1f���S�z����{p:0L���0�oy��+�8X8X$0��Ç%@����FOb�a`~����zI��"��F�c�������� e� Ue`��0 R� � x�s endstream Scientific Method in Sociology The scientific method is used in research papers in the field of sociology, as well as many other disciplines. Product design is an essential market research method for design planning. 62 0 obj <>stream Start studying Sociology chapter 1 scientific method/other info. endobj endobj They provide the means for accuracy, reliability, and validity. x�s x�+� � | <>>>/BBox[0 0 408 600]/Length 44>>stream The students will also be able to appreciate the relevance of sociology in their (c) Positivism and its critique. Each of which may employ its own approach, method and techniques. endstream By this means it takes it out of its opaque isolation and gives it ��w3T�PI�2T0 BC##C3��\. �9Z endobj ͐,.�. x�s In comparison with other social sciences sociology has to face greater problems in evolving a satisfactory method. endstream endobj 78 0 obj <> endobj 79 0 obj <> endobj 80 0 obj <>stream endstream ��w3T�PI�2T0 BC##C3��\. <>stream endobj endobj <>stream <>stream h�bbd``b`Z $S��$ �� $x��w+�x����p$��H9��@� y 33 0 obj 0 H � X X &. Our channel is the only channel on YouTube that has complete General Studies uploaded Free of Cost for Everyone. ��w3T�PI�2T0 BC##3��\. ��w3T�PI�2T0 BC##C3��\. x�+� � | Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. ͐,.�. <>stream <>stream x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����ih�����]�"� �S _ x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����ih�����]�"� � g <>stream endstream endobj startxref 14 0 obj <>stream x�s Researchers study how one variable changes another. 2. The scientific method is a systematic way of learning about the world around us and answering questions. The "cultural turn" of the 1970s and 1980s brought more humanistic interpretive approaches to the study of culture in sociology. �d� �9Z The scientific investigation is completed when the “felt-problems” are solved. ͐,.�. ͐,.�. In the end, the scientific method provides a shared basis for discussion and analysis (Merton 1963). Though sociology is in its extreme infancy it tries to touch upon various aspects of man's social life in as precise a manner as possible. endstream endstream By this means it takes it out of its opaque isolation and gives it The Scientific Method The scientific method has been used for centuries to create a structured and concrete way to study a question. �9Z endstream x�+� � | endstream <>>>/BBox[0 0 408 600]/Length 44>>stream 3 0 obj x�s 39 0 obj endobj ͐,.�. <>>>/BBox[0 0 408 600]/Length 43>>stream (b) Major theoretical strands of research methodology. endobj endstream Scientific sociological studies often observe relationships between variables. �9Z ͐,.�. endobj ͐,.�. endobj x�s x�+� � | ͐,.�. 45 0 obj <>>>/BBox[0 0 408 600]/Length 43>>stream Sociology of education, endobj endstream of both qualitative and quantitative scientific methods in sociological research to go beyond surface level understanding of our social lives in a better and new way. The scientific method of sociology is historical or genetic.- In common with all other sciences, sociology endeavors to explain a fact by showing "the exact and exclusive conditions of its origin. Sociology is a type of science, a logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation. x�s endstream <>>>/BBox[0 0 408 600]/Length 44>>stream endstream ��w3T�PI�2T0 BC##3��\. x�s endstream In the end, the scientific method provides a shared basis for discussion and analysis (Merton 1963). ͐,.�. <>stream <>>>/BBox[0 0 408 600]/Length 44>>stream �9Z endstream �9Z (e) Non-positivist methodologies. endobj 74 0 obj ͐,.�. Conceptsare the building blocks of sociology. endstream endstream endobj 7 0 obj x�S�*�*T0T0 B�����i�����U�"� �n endobj <>stream <>>>/BBox[0 0 408 600]/Length 43>>stream endobj ;����jv�[}�6��>�ۺY����v�0F�ۢ*���2�Ѭ5����mq�M�j�~�"��X�8�7C�C�=��r�_�����l���hH$�� ��L?���f?Z�P��0vg���ҳ�q=��/E�uE{����Iv.�,��BI)H�8�o���^B���' '�61|�G���E��F���2g��h�_fמ��K���p"�w�KU�. ��w3T�PI�2T0 BC##3��\. 42 0 obj The scientific method provides a systematic, organized series of steps that help ensure objectivity and consistency in exploring a social problem. x�s 21 0 obj Scientific method has few limitations in sociology. endobj ��w3T�PI�2T0 BC##C3��\. endobj <>>>/BBox[0 0 408 600]/Length 43>>stream <>>>/BBox[0 0 408 600]/Length 43>>stream endobj x�s ��w3T�PI�2T0 BC##3��\. 1. %PDF-1.6 %���� �d� Sociology of education, <>stream endobj 20 0 obj endobj 56 0 obj ͐,.�. 68 0 obj x�s <>>>/BBox[0 0 408 600]/Length 44>>stream endstream <>>>/BBox[0 0 408 600]/Length 43>>stream First published in 1895: Emile Durkheim's masterful work on the nature and scope of sociology--now with a new introduction and improved translation by leading scholar Steven Lukes.The Rules of the Sociological Method is among the most important contributions to the field of sociology, still debated among scholars today. 54 0 obj endstream 70 0 obj (c) Positivism and its critique. 35 0 obj �9Z social scripts, performance, institutions. �9Z ͐,.�. From a sociology textbook: “The scientific method is an approach to data collection that relies on two assumptions: (1) Knowledge about the world is acquired through observation, and (2) the truth of the knowledge is confirmed by verification--that is, by others making the same observations” endstream Scientific Method for Sociology An area of inquiry is a scientific discipline if its investigators use the scientific method , which is a systematic approach to researching questions and problems through objective and accurate observation, collection and analysis of data, direct experimentation , and replication (repeating) of these procedures. ��w3T�PI�2T0 BC##C3��\. ��w3T�PI�2T0 BC##3��\. x�s �9Z x�s They provide the means for accuracy, reliability, and validity. 4. �d� The scientific method is an empirical method of acquiring knowledge that has characterized the development of science since at least the 17th century. �d� <>stream <>>>/BBox[0 0 408 600]/Length 43>>stream 47 0 obj Scientific sociology is the study of society based on systematic observation of social behavior. x�s endobj endstream 29 0 obj x�s In comparison with other social sciences sociology has to face greater problems in evolving a satisfactory method. endobj The scientific method of sociology is historical or genetic.- In common with all other sciences, sociology endeavors to explain a fact by showing "the exact and exclusive conditions of its origin. ͐,.�. x�s endstream 69 0 obj <>stream endobj ��w3T�PI�2T0 BC##C3��\. endobj endobj [1] The range of social scientific methods has also been broadly expanded. 75 0 obj ͐,.�. x�s ��w3T�PI�2T0 BC##3��\. endobj �d� 49 0 obj Scientific knowledge is based on empirical evidence, information we can verify with our data, not common sense. 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